User interfaces: forms, graphics, semi-graphics, spread sheet, natural language.
Query optimization: techniques like query modification;
Object oriented databases: notion of abstract data type, object oriented systems, object oriented db design.
Expert data bases: use of rules of deduction in data bases, recursive rules.
Fuzzy data bases: fuzzy set & fuzzy logic, use of fuzzy techniques to define inexact and incomplete data bases.
W. Kim,Modern Database Systems, Addison Wesley Pub. Co., 1995.
W. Kim.Introduction to Object Oriented Databases, MIT Press, 1992.
J.D. Ullman.Principles of Database and Knowledge Base Systems, Vol I & II, Computer Science Press, 1988.
J. Minker (Editor).Foundation of Deductive Databases and Logic Programming.
In addition research papers, monographs and conference proceeding will be used.